|Version 4 (modified by jay-macports@…, 5 years ago) (diff)|
How to upgrade a port's version locally
- Audience: Those who don't want to wait for a port to be updated
- Requires: MacPorts >=1.6
Sometimes ports will fall behind the currently-available version. When other ports are updated this can cause issues when the newer version of a port is needed for compatibility. The Portfile for a port can be updated locally to allow you to upgrade it now, without waiting for an official update from the maintainer.
Anytime you see <portname> in this document, replace with the actual name of the port in which you are interested, it is only a placeholder here.
Updating the port
Step 1: Getting into the port directory and keeping a copy of the original
First, cd into the port's directory (which contains the Portfile) by running:
cd `port dir <portname>`
(note the backward ticks). Then save a copy of the Portfile:
sudo cp Portfile Portfile.orig
Step 2: Editing the Portfile
sudo port edit <portname>
to edit the Portfile for the given port (this will open it in whatever editor you have defined via the VISUAL or EDITOR environment variables, or vi if not defined). Since you're already in the directory containing the Portfile, you can also open it directly from here, but port edit always works.
As of MacPorts 1.7, you can also choose your editor from the command line directly instead of the environment variables:
port edit --editor nano <portname>
This will open nano to edit the Portfile for the given port.
Step 3: Updating the version
Once the Portfile has been opened, find the line which starts with version:
Update the version given on that line (1.4.1 in this example) to the newly-desired version, then save the Portfile. For example, if the new version is 1.5, it should simply look like:
Also, search for a revision line like:
and if found, delete it. Updated versions should start with revision 0 (which is the default when revision isn't present).
Step 4: Fetching and updating the checksums
Now fetch and run the checksum phase (which will fail, since it hasn't been updated for the new version) by running:
sudo port -d checksum <portname>
This will fetch the new version you've specified then run a checksum against the downloaded file. This will fail and since the debug (-d) flag was used, specify the checksums from the new file (among other lines):
... checksums md5 2e39a43b93b50c2ca90bcade26010878 \ sha1 2766d858b15d5d76da61e096fa6ffeb55b0469fb \ rmd160 29488b09cc6d8013716c8a7d190fe6bc9625e568 ...
Copy this section (all three lines), use sudo port edit <portname> again, and change the checksum lines to be what you just copied.
Similarly, if the Portfile has a livecheck section, run:
sudo port -d livecheck <portname>
and update the Portfile's livecheck.md5 key with the new md5sum.
Step 5: Installing the new version
Now that the correct checksum has been specified, you can install the new version with:
sudo port -d install <portname>
Use the debug flag again so that, in case something bad happens, the error message will be seen. If it doesn't succeed, that goes beyond the scope of this document.
Otherwise, the port will be installed with the latest version specified.
Step 6: Filing an update ticket
Since it succeeded, file a ticket to upgrade the port to the new version. The best way to do this is to attach a diff against the Portfile to the new ticket, so generate a diff by running:
diff -u Portfile.orig Portfile | sudo tee <portname>.diff
Then specify the <portname>.diff as a file to be attached to the new ticket.
Step 7: Cleaning up
Do a little clean up so extra files aren't left around:
sudo rm <portname>.diff sudo mv Portfile.orig Portfile
One thing to add is about patches, some may no longer be needed (they're irrelevant with the new version, they've been integrated upstream, etc), so should be removed. Others may need updates which gets more complicated.
Also, this only covers basic port updates, need to also cover changing versions of the various groupcode-based ports.