source: trunk/www/install.php @ 100015

Last change on this file since 100015 was 96452, checked in by ryandesign@…, 8 years ago

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2    /* -*- coding: utf-8; mode: php; tab-width: 4; indent-tabs-mode: nil; c-basic-offset: 4 -*- vim:set fenc=utf-8 filetype=php et sw=4 ts=4 sts=4: */
3    /* $Id: install.php 96452 2012-08-10 01:50:41Z $ */
4    /* Copyright (c) 2004, OpenDarwin. */
5    /* Copyright (c) 2004-2012, The MacPorts Project. */
6    include_once("includes/");
7    print_header('The MacPorts Project -- Download &amp; Installation', 'utf-8');
11<div id="content">
13    <h2 class="hdr">Installing MacPorts</h2>
15    <p>MacPorts version <?php print $macports_version_latest; ?> is available in various formats for download and installation (note, if you are upgrading your Mac OS X to a new major release, see the <a href="">migration info page</a>):
16    </p>
18    <ul>
19        <li>&#8220;pkg&#8221; installers for <a href="<?php print $mountainlion_pkg; ?>">Mountain Lion</a>,
20        <a href="<?php print $lion_pkg; ?>">Lion</a> and <a
21        href="<?php print $snowleopard_pkg; ?>">Snow Leopard</a>, for use with the Mac OS X Installer.
22        This is the simplest installation
23        procedure that most users should <a href="#pkg">follow</a> after meeting the requirements listed <a href="#requirements">
24        below</a>. Installer for legacy platform <a href="<?php print $leopard_dmg; ?>">Leopard</a>
25        <!--and <a href="<?php print $tiger_dmg; ?>">Tiger</a> are-->
26        also available.</li>
27        <li>In <a href="#source">source form</a> as either a <a href="<?php print $bz2_tarball ?>">tar.bz2</a> package or a
28        <a href="<?php print $gz_tarball; ?>">tar.gz</a> one for manual compilation, if you intend to customize your installation
29        in any way.</li>
30        <li><a href="#svn">SVN checkout</a> of the unpackaged sources, if you wish to follow MacPorts development.</li>
31        <li>The <a href="#selfupdate">selfupdate</a> target of the <kbd>port(1)</kbd> command, for users who already have
32        MacPorts installed and wish to upgrade to a newer release.</li>
33    </ul>
35    <p>Checksums for our packaged <a href="<?php print $downloads; ?>">downloads</a> are contained in the corresponding <a
36    href="<?php print $checksums; ?>">checksums file</a>.</p>
39    <div id="requirements">
41        <p>Please note that in order to install and run MacPorts on Mac OS X, your system must have installations of the following
42        components:</p>
44        <ol>
45            <li>Apple's <a href="">Xcode</a> Developer Tools (version 4.4 or later for Mountain Lion,
46            4.3 or later for Lion, 3.2 or later for
47            Snow Leopard, or 3.1 or later for Leopard), found at the <a href="">Apple Developer Connection</a>
48            site, on your Mac OS X installation CDs/DVD, or in the Mac App Store. Using the latest available version that will run on your
49            OS is highly recommended.</li>
50            <li>Apple's Command Line Developer Tools are found at the <a href="">Apple Developer Connection</a> site,
51            or they can be installed from within Xcode 4.  Users of Xcode 3 or earlier can install this by ensuring that the appropriate
52            option(s) are selected at the time of Xcode's install ("UNIX Development", "System Tools", "Command Line Tools", or
53            "Command Line Support").</li>
54            <li>Xcode 4 and later users need to first accept the Xcode EULA by either launching Xcode or running:
55            <pre>xcodebuild -license</pre>
56            </li>
57            <li>(Optional) The X11 windowing environment for ports that depend on the functionality it provides to run.  You have
58            multiple choices for an X11 server:
59                <ul>
60                    <li>Apple's is provided by the &#8220;X11 User&#8221; package (an optional installation on your system CDs/DVD for
61                    older OS Versions and provided unconditionally on Lion).</li>
62                    <li>Install the xorg-server port from MacPorts.</li>
63                    <li>The <a href="">XQuartz Project</a> provides a complete X11 release for OS X including server and client libraries and applications.</li>
64                </ul>
65            </li>
66        </ol>
68    </div>
71    <h3 class="subhdr" id="pkg">Mac OS X Package (.pkg) Installer</h3>
73    <p>The easiest way to install MacPorts on a Mac OS X system is by downloading the dmg for
74    <a href="<?php print $mountainlion_pkg; ?>">Mountain Lion</a>,
75    <a href="<?php print $lion_pkg; ?>">Lion</a>,
76    <a href="<?php print $snowleopard_pkg; ?>">Snow Leopard</a> or <a href="<?php print $leopard_dmg;
77    ?>">Leopard</a> and running the system's Installer by double-clicking on the pkg contained therein,
78    following the on-screen instructions until completion.</p>
80    <p>This procedure will place a fully-functional and default MacPorts installation on your host system, ready for usage.
81    If needed your shell configuration files will be <a href="<?php print $guide_url . ''; ?>">adapted by
82    the installer</a> to include the necessary settings to run MacPorts and the programs it installs, but you may need to
83    open a new shell for these changes to take effect.</p>
85    <p>The MacPorts &#8220;<kbd>selfupdate</kbd>&#8221; command will also be run for you by the installer to ensure you have our
86    latest available release and the latest revisions to the &#8220;Portfiles&#8221; that contain the instructions employed
87    in the building and installation of ports. After installation is done, it is recommended that you run this step manually
88    on a regular basis to to keep your MacPorts system always current:</p>
90    <pre>sudo port -v selfupdate</pre>
92    <p>At this point you should be ready to enjoy MacPorts!</p>
94    <p>Type &#8220;<kbd>man port</kbd>&#8221; at the command line prompt and/or browse over to our <a href="<?php print
95    $guide_url; ?>">Guide</a> to find out more information about using MacPorts. <a href="#help">Help</a> is also available.
96    </p>
99    <h3 class="subhdr" id="source">Source Installation</h3>
101    <p>If on the other hand you decide to install MacPorts from source, there are still a couple of things you will need to do
102    after downloading the tarball before you can start installing ports, namely compiling and installing MacPorts itself:</p>
105    <ol>
106        <li>&#8220;<kbd>cd</kbd>&#8221; into the directory where you downloaded the package and run &#8220;<kbd>tar xjvf
107        <a href="<?php print $bz2_tarball; ?>">MacPorts-<?php print $macports_version_latest; ?>.tar.bz2</a></kbd>&#8221; or
108        &#8220;<kbd>tar xzvf <a href="<?php print $gz_tarball; ?>">MacPorts-<?php print $macports_version_latest; ?>.tar.gz</a></kbd>&#8221;,
109        depending on whether you downloaded the bz2 tarball or the gz one, respectively.</li>
110        <li>Build and install the recently unpacked sources:
111            <ul>
112                <li><kbd>cd MacPorts-<?php print $macports_version_latest; ?></kbd></li>
113                <li><kbd>./configure &amp;&amp; make &amp;&amp; sudo make install</kbd></li>
114            </ul>
115            Optionally:
116            <ul>
117                <li><kbd>cd ../</kbd></li>
118                <li><kbd>rm -rf MacPorts-<?php print $macports_version_latest; ?>*</kbd></li>
119            </ul>
121        </li>
122    </ol>
124    <p>These steps need to be perfomed from an administrator account, for which &#8220;<kbd>sudo</kbd>&#8221; will ask the
125    password upon installation. This procedure will install a pristine MacPorts system and, if the optional steps are taken,
126    remove the as of now unnecessary MacPorts-<?php print $macports_version_latest; ?> source directory and corresponding tarball.</p>
128    <p>To customize your installation you should read the output of &#8220;<kbd>./configure --help | more</kbd>&#8221; and
129    pass the appropriate options for the settings you wish to tweak to the configuration script in the steps detailed above.</p>
131    <p>You will need to manually adapt your shell's environment to work with MacPorts and your chosen installation <kbd>
132    prefix</kbd> (the value passed to <kbd>configure</kbd>'s <kbd>--prefix</kbd> flag, defaulting to <kbd>/opt/local</kbd>):
133    </p>
135    <ul>
136        <li><kbd>Add ${prefix}/bin</kbd> and <kbd>${prefix}/sbin</kbd> to the start of your <kbd>PATH</kbd> environment variable
137        so that MacPorts-installed programs take precedence over system-provided programs of the same name.</li>
138        <li>If a standard <kbd>MANPATH</kbd> environment variable already exists (that is, one that doesn't contain any empty
139        components), add the <kbd>${prefix}/share/man</kbd> path to it so that MacPorts-installed man pages are found by your
140        shell.</li>
141        <li>For Tiger and earlier only, add an appropriate X11 <kbd>DISPLAY</kbd> environment variable to run X11-dependent
142        programs, as Leopard takes care of this requirement on its own.</li>
143    </ul>
145    <p>Lastly, you need to synchronize your installation with the MacPorts rsync server:</p>
147    <pre>sudo port -v selfupdate</pre>
149    <p>Upon completion MacPorts will be ready to install ports!</p>
151    <p>It is recommended to run the above command on a regular basis to keep your installation current. Type &#8220;<kbd>man
152    port</kbd>&#8221; at the command line prompt and/or browse over to our <a href="<?php print $guide_url; ?>">Guide</a> to
153    find out more information about using MacPorts. <a href="#help">Help</a> is also available.</p>
156    <h3 class="subhdr" id="svn">SVN Sources</h3>
158    <p>If you are developer or a user with a taste for the bleeding edge and wish for the latest changes and feature additions,
159    you may acquire the MacPorts sources through subversion. See the Guide section on <a href="<?php print $guide_url; ?>#installing.macports.subversion">installing from subversion</a>.</p>
161    <p>Purpose-specific branches are also available at the <kbd><?php print $svn_url . 'branches'; ?></kbd> url.</p>
163    <p>Alternatively, if you'd simply like to view the SVN repository without checking it out, you can do so via the <a
164    href="<?php print $trac_url . 'browser'; ?>">Trac source browser</a>.</p>
167    <h3 class="subhdr" id="selfupdate">Selfupdate</h3>
169    <p>If you already have MacPorts installed and have no restrictions to use the rsync networking protocol (tcp port 873 by
170    default), the easiest way to upgrade to our latest available release, <b><?php print $macports_version_latest; ?></b>, is
171    by using the <kbd>selfupdate</kbd> target of the <kbd>port(1)</kbd> command. This will both update your ports tree (by
172    performing a <kbd>sync</kbd> operation) and rebuild your current installation if it's outdated, preserving your customizations,
173    if any.</p>
176    <h3 class="subhdr" id="other">Other Platforms</h3>
178    <p>Running on platforms other than Mac OS X is not the main focus of The MacPorts Project, so remaining cross-platform is
179    not an actively-pursued development goal. Nevertheless, it is not an actively-discouraged goal either and as a result some
180    experimental support does exist for other POSIX-compliant platforms such as *BSD and GNU/Linux.</p>
182    <p>The full list of requirements to run MacPorts on these other platforms is as follows (we assume you have the basics such
183    as GCC and X11):</p>
185    <ul>
186        <li><a href="">Tcl</a> (8.4 or 8.5), with threads.</li>
187        <li><b>mtree</b> for directory hierarchy.</li>
188        <li><a href="">rsync</a> for syncing the ports.</li>
189        <li><a href="">cURL</a> for downloading distfiles.</li>
190        <li><a href="">SQLite</a> for the port registry.</li>
191        <li><a href="">GNUstep</a> (Base), for Foundation (optional, can be disabled via configure args).</li>
192        <li><a href="">OpenSSL</a> for signature verification, and optionally for checksums. <b>libmd</b> may
193            be used instead for checksums.</li>
194    </ul>
196    <p>Normally you must install from <a href="#source">source</a> or from an <a href="#svn">SVN checkout</a> to run MacPorts
197    on any of these platforms. Experimental packaging is available for the FreeBSD (.tbz package), Fedora (.rpm package) and
198    Ubuntu (.deb package) operating systems.</p>
201    <h3 class="subhdr" id="help">Help</h3>
203    <p>Help on a wide variety of topics is also available in the project <a href="<?php print $guide_url; ?>">Guide</a> and
204    through our <a href="<?php print $trac_url; ?>">Trac portal</a> should you run into any problems installing and/or using
205    MacPorts. Of particular relevance are the <a href="<?php print $guide_url . '#installing'; ?>">installation</a> &amp;
206    <a href="<?php print $guide_url . '#using'; ?>">usage</a> sections of the former and the <a href="<?php print $trac_url .
207    'wiki/FAQ'; ?>">FAQ</a> section of the <a href="<?php print $trac_url . 'wiki'; ?>">Wiki</a>, where we keep track of questions
208    frequently fielded on our <a href="contact.php#lists">mailing lists</a>.</p>
210    <p>If any of these resources do not answer your questions or if you need any kind of extended support, there are many ways
211    to <a href="contact.php">contact us</a>!</p>
218  print_footer();
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