wiki:Migration

Version 34 (modified by jmroot (Joshua Root), 11 years ago) (diff)

remove bridging sentence that no longer fits due to reorganisation

Migrating a MacPorts install to a new major OS version or CPU architecture

An installation of MacPorts and the ports installed by it are only designed to work on a single OS release and a single CPU architecture. If you upgrade to a new OS version (e.g. from Leopard to Snow Leopard) or migrate to a new machine with a different type of CPU (e.g. PowerPC to Intel), you may get lucky and have your ports keep working, but in general, things will break.

Reinstall Xcode and MacPorts

After performing either of these types of system upgrades, you will first need to install the base MacPorts system again, either from the appropriate disk image or from source. If you are upgrading from a prior version of Mac OS X, install the latest version of Xcode for your new OS. This will not be done for you automatically; Xcode is not updated by Software Update, so you must update it manually. You will find the Xcode installer on the Mac OS X installation DVD or on the Apple Developer web site.

Update archs in macports.conf

If your macports.conf contains uncommented settings for universal_archs or build_arch, you will likely want to update them, since unlike earlier OS versions, the compiler on Snow Leopard will build for x86_64 by default on systems that support it. The default values will be fine for almost all users, so unless you know you need something different, just comment out these two lines.

Reinstall ports

To reinstall your ports:

  1. Save the list of installed ports:
    port installed > myports.txt
    
  2. Uninstall all installed ports:
    sudo port -f uninstall installed
    
  3. Clean any partially-completed builds and remove any archives:
    sudo port clean --work --archive all
    
  4. Browse myports.txt and install the ports that you actually want to use (as opposed to those that are only needed as dependencies) one by one, remembering to specify the appropriate variants:
    sudo port install portname +variant1 +variant2 ...
    

Note that if you have specified variants which are not the default, you may need to install ports in an order other than the alphabetical order recorded in myports.txt.

Automatically reinstall ports (EXPERIMENTAL)

A script has been written to automate Step 4 above, though it is still experimental. If it fails, you will just have to do it manually.

To use it, you will first need to run steps 1-3 as described above. Then:

  1. Run these commands to download and execute the restore_ports script. (If you installed MacPorts from source and put its Tcl package somewhere other than /Library/Tcl, then you'll need to use the -t option when you run restore_ports.tcl; see ./restore_ports.tcl -h.)
    curl -O http://svn.macports.org/repository/macports/contrib/restore_ports/restore_ports.tcl
    chmod +x restore_ports.tcl
    sudo ./restore_ports.tcl myports.txt