Changes between Version 121 and Version 122 of FAQ


Ignore:
Timestamp:
Apr 10, 2012, 2:55:47 PM (9 years ago)
Author:
janstary (Jan Starý)
Comment:

/opt/local vs /usr/local as discussed on macports-users

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  • FAQ

    v121 v122  
    5252
    5353=== Why is /opt/local the default install location for MacPorts? === #defaultprefix
    54 
    55 `/opt/local` was chosen so as to avoid stomping on other various installations (e.g. fink uses `/sw` to do the same); `/usr/local` is not a viable choice for several reasons:
    56  1. Some software (especially auto* tools from Gnu) look in `/usr/local` as a default location, which means MacPorts can't be easily isolated when needed
    57  2. `/usr/local` is usually reserved for the given system's admin to install items local to that system, and tends to be a bad choice to have taken over by a non-system port system
    58  3. gcc considers `/usr/local` to be a standard system directory, causing (at least) the include directory to be unable to appear early in the list of include directories, and hence causing MacPorts-installed items to be difficult to use properly for items which need them (where another version is installed elsewhere, like `/usr/X11R6`)
    59 
     54                       
     55Traditionally, the place to install third party software on many UNIX systems is `/usr/local`.
     56However, having macports under `/usr/local` would be error-prone for precisely that reason. 
     57Many other software packages and packaging systems install into `/usr/local`,
     58and could accidentaly overwrite what macports has installed, or vice versa.
     59
     60While this could be dismissed as the user's own error, it is a fact that
     61people click through installers blindly, and consequently collisions under       
     62`/usr/local` (and other prominent directories) happen very often.
     63Macports doesn't want to be a victim of that, and `/opt/local` provides
     64the splendid isolation (as would any other dedicated directory, of course).
     65
     66Also, `/usr/local` traditionally contains the given system's local admin tools;
     67macports doesn't want to stomp on that either.
     68
     69(For the same reasons, fink uses `/sw` as its prefix.)
     70
     71=== So with macports under /opt/local I can use /usr/local freely? === #usrlocal
     72                                                                               
     73No, not entirely. Even with macports living elsewhere, `/usr/local` can still interfere.
     74Some software (especially the GNU auto* tools and gcc) looks into `/usr/local` for external headers, libraries, and binaries. Certain ports might (and do) fail to build because during their build something incompatible is found and picked up
     75from `/usr/local`. Good ports avoid this by explicitly specifying `--with-libfoo=/opt/local/lib/` or explicitly disabling all such possible dependencies altogether with `--disable-foo` or `--without-bar` but not all ports are able to do that.
     76
     77If you ask on a macports mailing list about a port failing to build because it chokes on something
     78that it found and picked up in `/usr/local` you will probably be adviced to temporarily rename
     79`/usr/local` to make it disappear entirely for the duration of the build.
     80Obviously, this wouldn't be possible to do if macports itself lived under `/usr/local`.         
     81 
    6082=== How do I remove or uninstall MacPorts? === #uninstall
    6183