wiki:UniversalDevelopment

Port(1) supports for universal builds is not good enough to handle non-trivial cases. We currently try to develop mechanisms to overcome this, so we can make more ports build universal more easily.

Approaches

  • Adding the universal build flags ("-arch i386 -arch x86_64 ...") to the compiler flags (i.e. the "CC" environment variable itself): Suited for straight compilation of executables. This is usually done for hand-written Makefiles and often has to be done manually from the Portfile. For example, if the build.cmd is make, the code in the Portfile would look something like this:
    build.args-append CC="${configure.cc} [get_canonical_archflags cc]"
    
    You could also try setting it in build.env, but sometimes make does not respect environment variables if that variable is not also used as a Makefile variable, so it is safer just to force it in build.args.
  • Adding universal build flags to the CFLAGS etc.: Suited for certain autotools-driven builds. This is done by default. The default values for these universal flags vary by platform. On Tiger on PowerPC, they are:
    configure.universal_cflags -isysroot ${developer_dir}/SDKs/MacOSX10.4u.sdk -arch i386 -arch ppc
    configure.universal_cppflags -isysroot ${developer_dir}/SDKs/MacOSX10.4u.sdk
    configure.universal_cxxflags -isysroot ${developer_dir}/SDKs/MacOSX10.4u.sdk -arch i386 -arch ppc
    configure.universal_ldflags -Wl,-syslibroot,${developer_dir}/SDKs/MacOSX10.4u.sdk -arch i386 -arch ppc
    
    On Tiger on Intel and on Leopard, they are:
    configure.universal_cflags -arch i386 -arch ppc
    configure.universal_cxxflags -arch i386 -arch ppc
    configure.universal_ldflags -arch i386 -arch ppc
    
    On Snow Leopard and later, they are:
    configure.universal_cflags -arch x86_64 -arch i386
    configure.universal_cxxflags -arch x86_64 -arch i386
    configure.universal_ldflags -arch x86_64 -arch i386
    
    The exception is configure.universal_args, which has the same default across platforms:
    configure.universal_args --disable-dependency-tracking
    
  • Adding universal build flags to the libtool command e.g. reinplace "s|CC -dynamiclib|CC -dynamiclib ${configure.universal_ldflags}|g" ${worksrcpath}/libtool
  • Separating builds for different architectures, merging the different (single-arch) destroots: See the muniversal PortGroup (emulation or multiple build machines differing in arch may be necessary for some ports). This is useful in various different situations:
    • When the port tries to use the --enable-dependency-tracking configure flag anyways, which makes building normally result in an error like this:
      gcc-4.2: -E, -S, -save-temps and -M options are not allowed with multiple -arch flags
      
    • When the build system tries to put a fat archive inside another archive, resulting in an error like this:
      /opt/local/bin/ranlib: archive member: libtcs.a(libtddl.a) fat file for cputype (16777223) cpusubtype (3) is not an object file (bad magic number)
      
      (this works when the archive is not fat)
    • When the build system has architecture-specific assembly, or otherwise builds files differently based on architecture.

Developers

mww (Markus W. Weissmann)

Last modified 3 years ago Last modified on Apr 7, 2014, 2:33:17 PM